Kashmir – Culture, Tourist Place, Religions


Kashmir is considered to be the heaven of the earth due to its immense natural beauty. Located in the north-western region of India, the Kashmir Valley is situated between the Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain ranges. According to local folklore, the state of Kashmir came into being due to the land which was released from inside the place after a well-known Hindu monk Kashyap had given a lake to Brahmins.

Religious significance – Part of sightseeing

You must see the Hazrat Bal Masjid situated on the banks of the famous Dal Lake, which was formerly known as Sajid Jahan’s Ishrat Mahal or ‘Pleasure House’; Who was a high ranking officer in the army of Shah Jahan. Prophet Muhammad’s hair is kept in this place. This mosque symbolizes the love and respect of his followers towards Prophet Muhammad.

Charar-e-Sharif is one of the oldest and most revered religious places in Kashmir, now a popular tourist destination. Located 40 kilometers from Srinagar, this religious site was built in memory of a famous Kashmiri Sufi saint Nuruddin. They propagated the principle of vegetarianism, non-violence and communal harmony. The Khankah of Shah Hamdan, situated along the Jhelum River, is another tourist destination. Dangerous bells and carved leaves are two main features. This religious site was built in 1835 by King Sultan Sikandar of the Shah Mir Dynasty.

The temple of Kheer Bhawani, 27 kms from Srinagar, was constructed in 1912 by Maharaja Pratap Singh. This temple is an idol of Hindu Goddess Ragnya. It is believed that Lord Rama, the Hindu god, used this temple as a place of worship in his exile. The fact behind the name of this temple is that only one Indian sweet kheer and milk are offered by the devotees in the form of offerings here. Local people believe that kheer, which is normally white, turns its color black, which is an indication of an unforeseen calamity.

Shankaracharya Temple is another tourist destination in Kashmir which is situated on a high hill plank-e-Suleiman. The Martand Surya Temple, which is built in honor of Hindu God Surya-Bhaskar, attracts many tourists. Located near the city of Anantnag, this temple was built by Raja Lalitaditya of the Sun Dynasty and is one of his main works.

The natural cave of Shiv Khori, which falls under the Reasi tehsil or administrative department, is known for its natural form of Shivling which is the symbolic form of the Hindu god Shiva of Destruction. It is located 100 kilometers from Jammu. Pictures of Hindu snake deity Sheshnag can be seen on the cave’s roof. A cavity can be seen in the center of the cave, which is a symbol of Shiva ji or tangled hair.

Breathtaking garden

In 1616, Shalimar Garden, which was built by Emperor Jahangir for his wife Noor Jahan, is also a popular tourist destination. In 1628 another garden was built in this area, also called Faiz Sheikh or ‘Garden of Love’. This terraced garden was used by women of the royal family. There is a pond in it, the center of the black stone at the center. Light and music shows organized in this garden attract many tourists.

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